Does Refractive Surgery Work For Myopia?

Myopia is the most habitual eye disease and is one of the major reasons for vision impairment around the world. The ubiquity of myopia is particularly different among racial groups, while its global prevalence is about 30 percent. The WHO has categorized myopia and uncorrected refractive error as leading reasons for blindness and vision impairment over the globe.

Refractive surgery is one of the successful ophthalmological specialties that incorporates surgically correcting refractive limitations including hyperopia, myopia, astigmatism, and presbyopia. Its purpose is to help patients say goodbye to their glasses and contact lens, hence, improving their quality of life by enhancing their vision naturally.

Myopia has been acknowledged as a definite visual disability for millennia and is there for the past 2000 years and was first defines by the Greeks. The term “myopia” was also coined by the Greeks using the roots ‘myein’ (to close) and ‘ops’ (eye) to denote those individuals who slander their eyelids to ameliorate distance visual sensitivity, the pinhole effect.

The focus of faraway parallel rays of light drop on the anterior of the retinal plane, thus, creates a blurred image in myopia. This state can arise because either the predominant refractive modules are too strong or the globe is too long. Hence, myopia can occur due to increase corneal or lenticular curvature or an escalation in the lens index of refraction, as happens with the evolution of nuclear sclerosis. More regularly, myopia is the consequence of axial elongation of the posterior section of the eye.

Myopia has two groups:

  1. Low-to-moderate myopia
  2. High myopia

Low-to-moderate myopia also called physiological myopia, is generally explained as that condition in which the eye is furnished myopic by the amalgamation of its components of refraction. Hence, the refractive capacity of the eye and the axial length is its posterior focal planes lie anterior to the retina.

High myopia also called pathologic, degrade, or malignant myopia is associated with an eye and axial length exceeding 25.2 or 26mm, a refractive error of no less than -5.0 D, and attributed degenerative changes.

Most cases of myopia are seen in school going children and young adults. However, the etiology of myopia is not cleared but genetic and environmental factors have proven to be a major key player in it.

The distinctive modes of treatment for myopia include medical therapies and surgeries, the most common refractive surgery.

The operating procedure of refractive surgery is divided into two main groups;

1) Laser techniques, that work on the cornea, and

2) Intraocular techniques, in which we plant distinctive types of the lens inside the eye.

Laser techniques and Intraocular techniques, both require advanced laser technologies; the Excimer and Femtosecond laser platform. Dr. Sohaib Abbas Malik is well-known for operating surgeries using these two latest technologies. He has been practicing ophthalmological surgeries for years and provides his services at national and international medical institutes.

If you’re suffering from vision impairment or any other ophthalmological problem that interrupts your quality of life then you must not neglect it and should see the best ophthalmologist. Refractive eye surgery is the most common solution to improve the refractive condition of your eyes.

The combination of both the Excimer and Femtosecond lasers allow doctors to carry out the entire surgical procedure through lasers. This is of course an amazing technology but not every eye specialist can undertake these surgeries. You have to conduct a little research on the best and skilled ophthalmological surgeons who can diagnose your disease properly and can treat you accordingly.

Dr. Sohaib Abbas Malik has done 4,369 successful laser surgeries and has helped hundreds and thousands of people to live a better life. He offers his expertise in areas such as uveitis and ocular inflammation as well. You can consult him for all your eye diseases and can go back to your normal life.

Eyes are the most precious gift of God, don’t risk them!